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Blade: The oar; also the end of the oar which is placed in the water.

Bow: the front end of the boat; also used as the name of the person  sitting nearest the bow.

Catch: The oar blade entering the water at the beginning of the  stroke.

Collar (or Button): A plastic or metal fitting tightened to the oar to  keep the oar from slipping through the oarlock.

Cox Box: A small electronic device which aids the coxswain by  amplifying his voice, and giving him a readout of various information.

Crab: A stroke that goes bad. The oar blade slices into the water at  an angle and gets caught under the surface. A bad crab can catapult you out of  the boat.

Erg(ometer): A rowing machine designed to simulate the actual rowing  motion; used for training and testing.

Feathering: Turning the oar blade flat during the recovery to lessen  wind resistance.

Fin (or skeg): A small flat appendage located along the stern section  of the hull which helps stabilize the shell in holding a straight course.

Finish: The oar blade leaving the water at the end of the stroke.

Foot stretcher (or clogs or shoes): An adjustable bracket in a shell  to which rowers feet are secured.

Gunwale (or gunnel): That part of a shell which runs along the sides  of the crew compartment through which the riggers are bolted.

Handle: The end of the oar you hold in your hand.

Hatchet: A type of oar with a blade larger in surface than that of a  Macon blade.

Keel: The center line of the shell.

Oarlock: A U-shaped swivel which holds the oar in place. It is mounted  at the end of the rigger and rotates around a metal pin. A gate closes across  the top to keep the oar in place.

Pitch: The angle between a “squared” blade and a line perpendicular to  the water’s surface.

Port side: Left side of the boat, as facing the bow.

Recovery: The time between strokes, the oar blade traveling through  the air.

Ribs: The name given to that part of the boat to which the skin of the  hull is attached. They are typically made of wood, aluminum or composite  materials and provide structural integrity. The riggers bolt to the ribs.

Rig: The arrangement of the oars or sculls, the mechanical “set-up” –  which can vary according to size, strength, experience and technique of a given  crew.

Rigger: The assembly of tubes which are tightly bolted to the hull to  which are attached an oarlock.

Rigging: The adjustment and alteration of accessories (riggers, foot  stretchers, oar, etc.) in and on the shell to maximize a particular rowers  efficiency, based on their size and capabilities.

Rudder: device used to steer the shell.

Scull: this term is used interchangeably: to the oars used in  sculling, the sculling shell itself; or the act of rowing in a sculling  shell.

Shell: A racing boat; Term for rowing boats

Sleeve: A plastic or leather wrap placed around the shaft at the  location of the collar to protect the shaft from the tightening of the  collar.

Slide: The track on which the seat moves.

Slings: Collapsible/portable frames with straps upon which a shell can  be placed.

Split: The time a crew takes to complete a 500 meter segment of the  race.

Starboard: Right side of the boat facing the bow.

Stern: The rear end of the boat.

Stroke: Apart from the rowing action, this can also mean the person  who sets the pace for the rest of the crew. The stroke sits nearest the  stern.

Stroke Rate: How fast a stroke is being taken. In terms of strokes per  minute.

“Washing Out”: Not fully recovering the blade during the whole  stroke

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